Monday, 8 December 2008

Dr Neil Charness - Early Practice Builds Chess Expertise Across the Life-Span

Dr Neil Charness:

Dr. Neil Charness is a professor of psychology at Florida State University. He has contributed much to our understanding of expert performance over our life-span, particularly amongst master chess players. He discusses his accumulated understanding of chess and "Life-span Development of Expertise" in this NIH sponsored Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Lecture delivered on the 24th October 2008.
NIH Record 28 Nov 2008
Early Practice Builds Chess Expertise Across the Life-Span

If you are well into middle age, you might want to cross off “work at becoming a chess champion” from your list of goals for retirement. That is, unless you have been studying and competing in tournaments since you were a child. And even then, your winning ways will start to decline at around age 43. Even world chess champion Garry Kasparov knew to call it quits at age 42.

Remainder of news report ... here
The 90 minute lecture by Dr Neil Charness, is available below:

Recent chess related publications by Dr Neil Charness include:

2007: Roring Roy W; Charness Neil
A multilevel model analysis of expertise in chess across the life span.
Psychology and aging 2007;22(2):291-9.

2006: Jastrzembski Tiffany S; Charness Neil; Vasyukova Catherine
Expertise and age effects on knowledge activation in chess.
Psychology and aging 2006;21(2):401-5.

2001: Charness N; Reingold E M; Pomplun M; Stampe D M
The perceptual aspect of skilled performance in chess: evidence from eye movements.
Memory & cognition 2001;29(8):1146-52.

2001: Reingold E M; Charness N; Schultetus R S; Stampe D M
Perceptual automaticity in expert chess players: parallel encoding of chess relations.
Psychonomic bulletin & review 2001;8(3):504-10.

2001: Reingold E M; Charness N; Pomplun M; Stampe D M
Visual span in expert chess players: evidence from eye movements.
Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS 2001;12(1):48-55.

1999: Schultetus R S; Charness N
Recall or evaluation of chess positions revisited: the relationship between memory and evaluation in chess skill.
The American journal of psychology 1999;112(4):555-69.

Tags: Chess Expertise - Neil Charness - Practice
Posted by ALCHEssMIST - Alchemipedia alliance.

Animal Cognition - Ape Genius (PBS NOVA)

This YouTube video is an excerpt of the PBS NOVA program Ape Genius. The full program is available online for USA viewers at this site. I have previously posted an article about Theory of Mind & "Chimp Chess" (here). This video further discusses the concept of "theory of mind", referred here as mind reading, in relation to chimpanzees and human children.

Update - view comments section paper - Silberberg, A. and D. Kearns (2009). "Memory for the Order of Briefly Presented Numerals in Humans as a Function of Practice." Animal Cognition 12(2): 405-407.

Video Concept List:
1970s, 2001, Age 3 years, Age 4 years, Ape culture, Ape minds, Apes, Ask for clarification, Ball, Bell, Bonobo, Brain rocket, Brian Hare, Chimp, Chimpanzee, Communicate, Competitor, Control of emotions, Conversation, Conversational turn, Cooperate, Crack a nut, Culture, Duke University, Emotionally reactive, Generating a plan, Genius, Great apes, Greedy urges, Green bag, Gummy bear, Hide, Human infant, Impulse control, Impulsive, Josep Call, Kanzi (Bonobo), Learn, M&Ms, Master emotions, Max Planck Institute, Mental rocket on launchpad, Michael Tomasello, Mind reading, MIT, Non-human animal, Numerals, Ohio State University, Princess Sally, Purple bag, Real conversation, Rebecca Saxe, Resist impulse, Sally Boysen, Sarah (chimp), SAT scores, Sheba (chimp), Skills, Small talk, Solve problems, Sophisticated, social emotions, Species evolution, Sue (adult human), Symbols, Take shoe off, Temptation, Theory of mind, Thinking, Tool, Untie, Use a tool, Visual symbols, Weather, Young children, Zoe (child)

Tags: Animal Cognition - Ape - Bonobo - Genius - Sally Boysen - Symbols - Theory of Mind - Thinking - Visual Symbols
Posted by ALCHEssMIST - Alchemipedia alliance.

Derren Brown - Chess Simul (Trick Of The Mind Series)

Derren Brown Chess Simul - Trick of the Mind (Series 1):

This is a video segment (YouTube link) from "Trick of The Mind" Series (Series 1, Episode 1) by Derren Brown. It shows a chess simul played by Brown against the players listed below.

Chess player participants:
  • Chris Ward (GM)
  • Desmond Tan (former England junior)
  • Graham Lee (FM)
  • John Emms (GM)
  • Jonathan Levitt (GM)
  • Julian Hodgson (GM)
  • Nathan Alfred (FM)
  • Paul Littlewood (IM)
  • Robert Chan (President Chess Society Kings College London)

Related Posts:
Sir David Frost Interviews Derren Brown on Al Jazerra English (June 2009)
Derren Brown Being Interviewed By Richard Dawkins For 'The Enemies Of Reason' TV Program

Tags: Chess Simul - Chris Ward (GM) - Derren Brown - Desmond Tan - Graham Lee (FM) - John Emms (GM) - Jonathan Levitt (GM) - Julian Hodgson (GM) - Nathan Alfred (FM) - Paul Littlewood (IM) - Robert Chan - Simul - Trick Of The Mind
Posted by ALCHEssMIST - Alchemipedia alliance.