Monday, 8 December 2008

Animal Cognition - Ape Genius (PBS NOVA)

This YouTube video is an excerpt of the PBS NOVA program Ape Genius. The full program is available online for USA viewers at this site. I have previously posted an article about Theory of Mind & "Chimp Chess" (here). This video further discusses the concept of "theory of mind", referred here as mind reading, in relation to chimpanzees and human children.

Update - view comments section paper - Silberberg, A. and D. Kearns (2009). "Memory for the Order of Briefly Presented Numerals in Humans as a Function of Practice." Animal Cognition 12(2): 405-407.

Video Concept List:
1970s, 2001, Age 3 years, Age 4 years, Ape culture, Ape minds, Apes, Ask for clarification, Ball, Bell, Bonobo, Brain rocket, Brian Hare, Chimp, Chimpanzee, Communicate, Competitor, Control of emotions, Conversation, Conversational turn, Cooperate, Crack a nut, Culture, Duke University, Emotionally reactive, Generating a plan, Genius, Great apes, Greedy urges, Green bag, Gummy bear, Hide, Human infant, Impulse control, Impulsive, Josep Call, Kanzi (Bonobo), Learn, M&Ms, Master emotions, Max Planck Institute, Mental rocket on launchpad, Michael Tomasello, Mind reading, MIT, Non-human animal, Numerals, Ohio State University, Princess Sally, Purple bag, Real conversation, Rebecca Saxe, Resist impulse, Sally Boysen, Sarah (chimp), SAT scores, Sheba (chimp), Skills, Small talk, Solve problems, Sophisticated, social emotions, Species evolution, Sue (adult human), Symbols, Take shoe off, Temptation, Theory of mind, Thinking, Tool, Untie, Use a tool, Visual symbols, Weather, Young children, Zoe (child)

Tags: Animal Cognition - Ape - Bonobo - Genius - Sally Boysen - Symbols - Theory of Mind - Thinking - Visual Symbols
Posted by ALCHEssMIST - Alchemipedia alliance.


Anonymous said...

Silberberg, A. and D. Kearns (2009). "Memory for the Order of Briefly Presented Numerals in Humans as a Function of Practice." Animal Cognition 12(2): 405-407.
Inoue and Matsuzawa (Curr Biol 17: R1004–R1005, 2007) showed that with an accuracy of approximately 79%, the juvenile chimpanzee, Ayumu, could recall the position and order of a random subset of five Arabic numerals between one and nine when those numerals were presented for only 210 ms on a computer touch screen before being masked with white squares. None of nine humans working on the same task approached this level of accuracy. Inoue and Matsuzawa (2007) claimed this performance difference was evidence of a memorial capacity in young chimpanzees that was superior to that seen in adult humans. While the between-species performance difference they report is apparent in their data, so too is a large difference in practice on their task: Ayumu had many sessions of practice on their task before terminal performances were measured; their human subjects had none. The present report shows that when two humans are given practice in the Inoue and Matsuzawa (2007) memory task, their accuracy levels match those of Ayumu.

ALCHEssMIST said...

Thanks for the research update. These new results intuitively make sense but it is always important to provide confirmation with experiments. Your comment is very much appreciated.